In addiction treatment, a “relapse” describes a reoccurrence of the addictive habits, following an effort at recovery. It is helpful to particularly address regression throughout healing efforts. Statistically speaking, the majority of individuals making a recovery effort will experience relapse eventually. Without advance preparation, yearnings will undoubtedly result in relapse. When a regression happens, feelings of guilt and self-blame might just get worse the situation.
Relapse Prevention Therapy is a type of cognitive-behavioral therapy. RPT aims to restrict or prevent relapses by helping the treatment individual to prepare for scenarios that are most likely to provoke a regression. Relapse prevention therapy teaches therapy participants to be alert for these types of feelings and to have a plan of action for coping with them.
Other situations that trigger relapse are environmental cues that trigger yearnings. This might include people, locations, or things that are associated with the pleasurable feelings of addictive behavior. For example, some individuals who inject drugs find the sight of blood can activate powerful cravings. So can an influenza inoculation, or regular blood test. Relapse prevention therapy assists treatment participants to recognize possible environmental cues that may trigger craving. They develop a strategy for coping with these cues.
RPT likewise teaches participants to position relapse into the appropriate point of view. They regularly translate this as a failure when a recuperating person has a relapse. An individual can believe that such a “failure” is proof of their inability to recuperate. Of course, if someone believes they are unable to recover there truly is no point in trying. Based upon this (incorrect) conclusion, the recovering individual sees no alternative but to go back to their addiction in earnest.
RPT looks for to avoid this misconception by representing relapses as prolapses. Viewed in this way, they might be likewise described “slips” or “lapses” rather than relapses.